THE COMPLEX HYDRAULIC SYSTEM OF THE ETRUSCAN CITY OF VULCI WAS DISCOVERED THANKS TO THE RESEARCH PROJECT VULCI 3000 – DUKE UNIVERSITY, WHICH COMBINES ARCHEOLOGY WITH NEUROSCIENCE
At the end of July, the first excavation phase of Vulci 3000 was completed. It is an important research project, with an international team from Duke University led by prof. Maurizio Forte, which started in 2014 (with non-invasive techniques) and that is now at a turning point. After seven years of work with cutting-edge technologies (ultra-high resolution georadar, multispectral drones, and three-dimensional photogrammetry), in an excavation of about 500 square meters, the complex hydraulic system of the Etruscan city of Vulci has come to light. Perfectly preserved canals and tunnels are visible, which allow a realistic approach to the hydraulic system of the Etruscan age.
Moreover, the Vulci excavation represents the first experiment of hybridization between archeology and neuroscience. Eye-tracking and EEG (electroencephalograms) techniques were tested, in parallel to the digging work, on groups of archaeologists and non-archaeologists to study perception, interpretation, and learning during an archaeological excavation.
Fondazione Luigi Rovati has funded the Vulci 3000 project since 2018, supporting both the excavation and the study program.
The use of advanced remote sensing technologies from drones and georadars has made it possible to digitally reconstruct the urban layout and the viability of the Etruscan and Roman ages. The excavation data that were digitally acquired are now available, also thanks to the virtual reality systems, for the Duke University students and the archaeologists working in Vulci. In the future, the data will be also available at specific university libraries.
The long-term goal is to share the outcomes through an exhibition that will take place in Rome in spring 2022. In addition, all classifiable excavation materials have been digitized in three dimensions and will be uploaded online to a specific virtual archive created by Duke University.
For further details please visit > https://sites.duke.edu/vulci